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The surgical area is located adjacent to the treatment area. It is important to have this area isolated from the other areas of the hospital to maintain sterility during surgical procedures. The surgery suite houses an anesthetic machine, a heated operating table, an overhead surgical light and an instrument table. To ensure that there is no bacterial contamination into surgical sites, the instruments used are sterilized in an autoclave. The autoclave is a sealed chamber that relies on steam pressure and temperature to kill any potentially infectious organisms. Surgical packs are pre-wrapped with instruments necessary for a variety of procedures.
During an operation, the patient's vital signs are monitored by both machines and assistants. Vitals such as heart rate, pulse strength, blood oxygen saturation, body temperature, respiratory rate and blood pressure are measured and tracked to ensure safety during surgical procedures. Often patients who may be older or those undergoing extensive surgery are supported with intravenous fluids.